GMAT Practice Questions > Integrated Reasoning

## Intro to Integrated Reasoning

The Integrated Reasoning section is the newest section of the GMAT exam the effectively "integrates" all the existing sections together into multi-part questions that involve interpreting graphs, pulling information from various sources, sorting tables, and thinking critically about logic statements.

The integrated reasoning section is the most realistic part of the exam that more accurately reflects what business leaders do on a regular basis.

Time: 30 minutes
Questions: 12 Total (~8-10 real, ~2-4 experimental)
Graphics Interpretation (~2-3 questions)
Two-Part Analysis (~3-4 questions)
Table Analysis (~1-2 questions)
Multi Source Reasoning (~2-3 questions)

Each question has multiple parts. Since there is no partial credit, you'll need to answer all parts correctly in order to get credit for that question. GMAT scoring in this section is out of 8.

## GMAT Integrated Reasoning Sample Questions

### Two-Part Analysis

GMAT Practice Set # 1
 GMAT Two-Part Analysis # 1: Number of Computer Science Teachers Matching Units 25969 47% View Show
 GMAT Two-Part Analysis # 2: Disappearing Bees Infer 16898 67% View Show
 GMAT Two-Part Analysis # 3: Google and Facebook Developers Constraints, Imaginary 3rd Column 26530 46% View Show
GMAT Practice Set # 2
 GMAT Two-Part Analysis # 4: Racecar Gasoline Consumption Rate Matching Units 11368 70% View Show
 GMAT Two-Part Analysis # 5: Intercollegiate Basketball Tournament Process 8882 72% View Show
 GMAT Two-Part Analysis # 6: MangoBerry and PeachPlay Cause & Effect Cause and Effect 8957 68% View Show
GMAT Practice Set # 3
 GMAT Two-Part Analysis # 7: Function with Two Variables Algebra 8555 46% View Show
 GMAT Two-Part Analysis # 8: Fabric Manufacturers and Material Ratio Assumption 9812 30% View Show
 GMAT Two-Part Analysis # 9: Employee Titles & Hierarchy Process 10286 32% View Show
(41 More...)

### Graphics Interpretation

GMAT Practice Set # 1
 GMAT Graphics Interpretation # 1: Behavior of Day 1 Shoppers Percent Segmentation Graph 13367 31% View Show
 GMAT Graphics Interpretation # 2: Cultivated Land Use Segmented Blowup Chart 9449 50% View Show
 GMAT Graphics Interpretation # 3: Apple Stock Chart Stock Chart 18112 18% View Show
GMAT Practice Set # 2
 GMAT Graphics Interpretation # 4: Ballroom Height & Tiles (Custom Scatterplot) Double Axis Scatterplot 8732 47% View Show
 GMAT Graphics Interpretation # 5: GDP per capita Clustered Bar Chart 8387 64% View Show
 GMAT Graphics Interpretation # 6: Income VS Years of Education Scatterplot 7068 68% View Show
GMAT Practice Set # 3
 GMAT Graphics Interpretation # 7: Widgets Sold Multiple Line Graph 6067 47% View Show
 GMAT Graphics Interpretation # 8: Company Sales & Traffic Double Axis Bar Chart 8505 37% View Show
 GMAT Graphics Interpretation # 9: Percentile Wealth Distribution in America Pie Chart 8090 58% View Show
(31 More...)

### Table Analysis

GMAT Practice Set # 1
 GMAT Table Analysis # 1: Venue Popularity by City Explain the Data 8455 62% View Show
 GMAT Table Analysis # 2: Summer Fitness Challenge Calculations; Constraints 11835 29% View Show
 GMAT Table Analysis # 3: Public Comparables Large Numbers; Calculations 7441 43% View Show
GMAT Practice Set # 2
 GMAT Table Analysis # 4: Publication Ad Revenue Stats (A) Large Numbers; Constraints 6005 60% View Show
 GMAT Table Analysis # 5: Brazilian Agriculture (A) Constraints; Ranking 5756 56% View Show
 GMAT Table Analysis # 6: Aquaphino Water in Street Stores by City and Price Statements; Constraints 5651 56% View Show
GMAT Practice Set # 3
 GMAT Table Analysis # 7: Percentage of Population Visiting Selected Cultural Institutions, Single Year Explain the Data 4827 62% View Show
 GMAT Table Analysis # 8: Fast Food Nutrition Stats Constraints; Median 4373 49% View Show
 GMAT Table Analysis # 9: Student Fitness Comparison Calculations; Constraints 4084 70% View Show
(18 More...)

### Multi-Source Reasoning

GMAT Practice Set # 1: Assessing Product Launch
 GMAT Multi-Source Reasoning # 1: Inferring Company Actions This/That, Inference 9381 54% View Show
 GMAT Multi-Source Reasoning # 2: Qoop Strategies This/That, Inference 7603 30% View Show
 GMAT Multi-Source/Sentence Correction # 3: Infer the view of Qoop Developers Multiple Choice; Infer 7468 50% View Show
GMAT Practice Set # 2: Online Video Websites
 GMAT Multi-Source/Sentence Correction # 4: Infer the view of Online Video Websites Multiple Choice; Infer 5062 71% View Show
 GMAT Multi-Source Reasoning # 5: Online Video Pirating (A) This/That, Inference 5392 32% View Show
 GMAT Multi-Source Reasoning # 6: Online Video Pirating (B) This/That, Inference 5346 36% View Show
GMAT Practice Set # 3: Getting an Investment Banking Job
 GMAT Multi-Source Reasoning # 7: Job Eligibility This/That; Constraints 4739 33% View Show
 GMAT Multi-Source Reasoning # 8: Eligibility for Applying for the Job This/That; Constraints 3836 68% View Show
 GMAT Multi-Source/Sentence Correction # 9: Climbing the Corporate Ladder Multiple Choice; Constraints 4095 35% View Show
(70 More...)

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### GMAT Tip #1) Timing

The 12 questions you'll see on the integrated reasoning portion of the GMAT exam are broken down into the 4 types of questions you see above. Since you are allowed 30 minutes to finish this entire section, you should generally budget 2 minutes and 30 seconds for each question. Make use of the timer on this site to keep track of your timing.

### GMAT Tip #2) Avoid Mental Fatigue

This section does not count towards your overall 800 score. However, note that it can have a potential to mentally fatigue you before you even get to the verbal and quant section. Note that your exam will first begin with the essay for 30 minutes. Then after the essay, you will be presented with the 30 minute integrated reasoning section. It is only after you finish this grueling section that you get a break and then begin the Quant and Verbal sections. So be careful about mental fatigue. Train for the GMAT like you would train for a marathon.

### GMAT Tip #3) You Can Not Jump Around

You will not be allowed to visit previous questions. Once you hit next and confirm, you will not be allowed to look at that question again.

### GMAT Tip #4) Order of Questions Is Random

There is no specific order for the types of questions you will see in this section. Sometimes you'll start off with a multi source reasoning question. Other times, you might start off with a table analysis or graphics interpretation question. Note that the question type you will see most often will be the two part analysis question. This question is almost like critical reasoning on steroids. Click here for more information on two part analysis.

### GMAT Tip #5) Scoring is Out of 8

Your integrated reasoning score will not show up at the end of your exam. It will be scored separately and mailed to you at a later date. The GMAT scoring scale for this section is out of 8. Although 8 is the highest score, a score of 8 does not necessarily mean you got everything wrong. You can get two wrong out of the 12 and still get an 8. Of course, the scoring various by situation.

While the writing (AWA) section is scored in increments of .5 between 1 and 6, the integrated reasoning section is scored in increments of 1 between 1 and 8.

### GMAT Tip #6) No Partial Credit

No partial credit will be given for questions that are only partially answered correctly. For example, if you got 1 part out of the 2 parts of a graphics interpretation drop down question correct - the GMAC folks treat that as if you answered both parts. This scoring algorithm also reduces the number of accidental correct answers that a test taker can get.

Parts of the integrated reasoning section will involve a lot of critical thinking. GMAT Pill has organized 5 Core Frameworks for Integrated Reasoning - especially helpful for the Two Part Analysis section.
For example, this is a diagram of Framework #3: Table Top. The idea of the table top is that anytime you make an argument, draw a conclusion, or claim something - something else is must be true that supports that claim or conclusion. That something else is called an assumption. That assumption acts like the supporting leg of a table. If that assumption is violated, then you know the argument or claim falls apart. There are a variety of ways to test the strength of the table top. And we discuss two major ways to test the table leg in the context of multiple examples. Don't go into your GMAT exam without understanding how the table top framework applies to GMAT integrated reasoning questions.

## Sample Video Explanation For This GMAT Question

This is a typical video explanation provided by GMAT Pill on how to answer this graphics interpretation question related to Apple's stock chart over a one year period.

Get more graphics interpretation questions here.

### GMAT Integrated Reasoning Pros:

This section is more realistic and sometimes more intellectually challenging than the rest of the exam. The elements of sorting data tables, interpreting graphs, and working with real world numbers like thousands, millions, and billions will apply directly to your future business career. Learning how to do GMAT integrated reasoning questions can help you further in your career. Take the plunge and go for it - invest in your future because the lessons you'll learn here will last you a lifetime.

### GMAT Integrated Reasoning Cons:

Even though this section is more useful for your actual future business career, it does not affect your 800 score. Instead, you'll receive a separate score a few weeks after your exam that contains your integrated reasoning score - same as with you writing score. The GMAC folks also position the grueling integrated reasoning section near the beginning of your exam before the main show of quant and verbal. You'll first start off with the analysis of an argument essay for 30 minutes. Then you'll have 30 minutes for the intense integrated reasoning section. Only then will you actually get to the main quant and verbal section.

### What It Means For You:

Since the integrated reasoning section is positioned before the main quant and verbal show of your exam, you need to be sure not to get overly involved in any single integrated reasoning. You also cannot get mentally exhausted with complex integrated reasoning questions so that by the time it's the main quant and verbal show, you are completely drained and cannot even focus. So you must know to expect this. The GMAC folks purposely position this non-800 scoring section before the main show to tire you out before you even get started. Don't let them!

## FAQ

### Q: Is all the studying I did useless now?

No. If you were preparing for the old version of the GMAT exam--everything you prepared for is still going to be on the exam. In fact, everything you prepared for before is going to count towards your overall 800 score. The only difference is that now with the new section, you'll get an additional score (out of 8) that involves these 4 types of integrated reasoning questions. The previous version of the GMAT gave you 60 minutes on writing 2 different essays. Now, you'll have 30 minutes to do 1 essay. That other 30 minutes will be replaced with this integrated reasoning section.

### Q: What's the biggest difference between the new GMAT and the old GMAT?

Basically, what they did was swap the 2nd essay with the new integrated reasoning section. Everything in Quant and Verbal stays the same. Structurally, they are still computer adaptive. You'll still get 75 minutes each for each section. Quant is still has data sufficiency and problem solving question types. And verbal still has sentence correction, critical reasoning, and reading comprehension question types.

### Q: Is there something taken out of the old GMAT exam?

Yes. One of the 2 writing sections (AWA) will be removed. Integrated reasoning will take its place for the same allotted time: 30 minutes.

### Q: How long will the entire test be with this new GMAT section?

The entire test will still be 3 hours and 30 minutes long. You get 75 minutes (1 hour and 15 minutes) each for Quant and Verbal. So combined, that's 2 hours and 30 minutes. Before you even get to Quant and Verbal, you will see a 30 minute essay and a 30 minute integrated reasoning section. So all together, that's 1 hour plus the 2 hours and 30 minutes for quant and verbal. The total becomes 3 hours and 3 minutes (with optional breaks in between each section).

### Q: How is the integrated reasoning section viewed by admissions committees?

Although the new IR section will be new for all admissions committees, the majority of them view the new integrated reasoning section as a move in the right direction. It may be difficult for them to compare candidates with this score in the beginning. But over time, as more data comes in, the significance of the IR score will increase. Still, the standard way for admissions committees to properly compare applicants will still be the overall 800 score and the breakdown between quant and verbal.

Note that a lot of the rankings - like U.S. News and Report, Businessweek, etc do not yet rank schools by the average IR score of their incoming students. Including IR scores in rankings won't happen for at least a few years since the scoring is new. Schools have a slight incentive to admit you when you make their school look good. After all, MBA graduates from any institution are effectively walking posterboards of that institution. These institutions are required to publish the average GMAT score of their incoming student body every year and this data is distributed widely. If your score is too low, business schools may have a slight incentive not to take you because a fear that you would lower the average GMAT score of the incoming class, which is published in the news.

On the other hand, if you have a good GMAT score, business schools like that because you can potentially make the school look good. Right now, the integrated reasoning scores are not published anywhere so a bad IR score from you won't make a business school look bad. But who knows? In the future, if the IR score is ever published and included in rankings, they may force schools to put a greater emphasis on integrated reasoning.

Of course, the schools at the very top have plenty of applicants with high GMAT scores so their average GMAT scores are always very high in the low 700s. But for second-tier business schools, having a high GMAT score is a good thing as such a score helps you make the school look good in rankings. Does that make sense?

IR scores are likely to have a greater significance than the AWA Essay, but a lower significance than the Quant and Verbal breakdown of the overall 800 score.

### Q: Why was the new integrated reasoning section added to the new GMAT?

Because times have changed. Technology has moved fast and the amount of data people work with is a lot more than it used to be 15 years ago. The GMAT folks can't just sit around and pretend the exam they invented years ago is still applicable today. So in order to keep up with the times and changes in the business community, the GMAT folks have to make sure their exam is up-to-date and reflective of the skills that a business school student should have upon enrolling.

After surveying a bunch of recruiters and business schools, the GMAC folks got a better idea of what the industry marketplace is looking for. And so the new GMAT exam is the GMAC's attempt at trying to create a modern, more realistic exam that better tests and prepares students for business school.

Additionally, some business schools -- in an effort to increase the number of applicants, lower their admission rates, and appear more prestigious-- have begun to accept GRE scores. So the GMAT folks need to make sure they stay on top. They're definitely the still the standard exam, but the fact that the GRE is entering their turf makes them a little nervous. So the GMAT needs to prove itself as the better exam. So that's part of the reason driving the GMAT exam to be a better indicator of success in business school than it was before.

### Q: Which Integrated Reasoning section is the most difficult?

Each section can be easy or difficult - depending on a particular person's skills and previous background. But if we had to pick a section, we would say the verbal focused Two Part Analysis questions and the Multi Source Reasoning questions are the most difficult.

The two part analysis questions actually require you to think - especially the verbal focused ones. They tend to be like critical reasoning on steroids. The structure of the questions with two columns and 5 or 6n answer choices is also a bit un-natural so may take a little getting used to for most test takers.

The multi source questions are kind of like reading comprehension where you are presented with a passage of information and asked to draw conclusions or inferences from them. So this section also requires a bit of thinking.

### Q: Which Integrated Reasoning section is the easiest?

We wouldn't say there's such a thing as the easiest. But generally speaking, the graphics interpretation and table analysis sections may seem a bit more intuitive to most people. Graphics are visually appealing and require you to think less. You may be interpreting weird charts and working with unusually large or small numbers. But the data here tends to be actual, real-world data. So because of the realness of the data behind graphics and table questions, you might find these types of questions a bit more inviting than the two-part analysis and multisource questions.

### Q: What are the percentile rankings for the IR scoring scale?

These numbers may constantly be changing, but the most recent percentile rankings released by GMAC are as follows:

94% => 8

85% => 7

70% => 6

54% => 5

46% => 4

26% => 3

17% => 2

0% => 1

You'll want to shoot for at least the 50th percentile in order to get a score that is good enough for admissions purposes. So in this case, that's between a 4 and a 5. If you're going for a top school, you'll want to hit at least a 5.

### Q: Do you have any examples of students who aced the IR score?

Absolutely. Here's an official score report from a student who aced ALL sections - including integrated reasoning.

### Q: What is the Integrated Reasoning Pill?

The Integrated Reasoning Pill (IR Pill) is the video online course solution for preparing for this new GMAT section. It is taught by renowned instructor, Zeke Lee, a Stanford graduate known for his very easy-to-understand approach to difficult GMAT questions. His thought process approach is very clear and efficient, thereby helping students minimize the amount of time required to answer any single GMAT question.

In the IR Pill, Zeke walks you through over 100 integrated reasoning questions spanning all four categories including two part analysis, graphics interpretation, table analysis and multi source reasoning. Each walk through is a separate video. And some more complicated videos (especially ones in the two part analysis section) are broken into 3 parts each to better help explain the complexities of the question at hand. Each video is roughly between 5 and 10 minutes long.

The IR Pill includes video solutions to all the questions you see here on the Practice Pill. So if you get stuck or if you'd like to see how an expert thinks through these multi-part integrated reasoning section, the Integrated Reasoning Pill is your solution.

### Q: Sounds great! Where do I get the Integrated Reasoning Pill and how much is it?

The Integrated Reasoning Pill sells for \$97 and you can purchase it here.

Alternatively, members of the full package get access to the integrated reasoning section as part of the full package. You can purchase the full package here.

Updates include, but are not limited to, the following:
• Modified GMAT videos to clarify points brought up by other students
• Answers to questions posted by other students