GMAT Practice Question Set #1 (Question 1-3)

Critical Reasoning Question #3: Swabian Ivory Flute  
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Excavations in the summer of 2008 at the sites of Hohle Fels and Vogelherd revealed nearly a complete paleolithic ivory bone flute. This flute is by far the most complete of all of the musical instruments thus far recovered from the caves of Swabia. These finds demonstrate the presence of a well-established musical tradition at the time when modern humans colonized Europe, more than 35,000 calendar years ago.

Because the discovered ivory bone flute has 5 holes in it, enough to play 5 notes from the 7-note diatonic scale, musicologists believe that the diatonic musical scale was developed and used thousands of years before it became popular during the Renaissance period in Western Europe.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the hypothesis?

(A)

Bone flutes were probably the only musical instrument made by Swabian cavemen.

(B)

The mammoth tusk bone used to make the Swabian flute would have been long enough to make a flute capable of playing a complete diatonic scale.

(C)

No musical instrument that is known to have used a diatonic scale is of an earlier date than the flute found in the Swabian cave.

(D)

Flutes are the simplest wind instrument that can be constructed to allow playing a diatonic scale.

(E)

The flute was made from a mammoth bone and the site at which the flute fragment was excavated was in a cave that also contained skeletal remains of wooly mammoths.

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