GMAT Practice Question Set #8 (Question 22-24)

Critical Reasoning Question #23: Sexual Assaults and Reports  
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In cities where sexually assaulted victims get health treatment, psychological counseling and free meals and housing for two days, reports of having suffered a sexual attack are twice as frequent as they are in cities where this benefit is not present. Presently, no accurate test for sexual assault exists, so it is true that spurious reports of sexual assaults cannot be readily identified. Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the cities with the higher rates of reported sexual assaults, half of the reported cases are spurious. Clearly, in cities where sexual assault victims do not receive counseling, treatment, housing and meals following their incident, people often have little incentive to report sexual assaults that they actually have suffered.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

(A)

The first is a claim that the argument disputes; the second is a conclusion that has been based on that claim.

(B)

The first is a claim that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument accepts; the second is that conclusion.

(C)

The first is evidence that has been used to support a conclusion for which the argument provides further evidence; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.

(D)

The first is a finding whose implications are at issue in the argument; the second is a claim presented in order to argue against deriving certain implications from that finding.

(E)

The first is a finding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is evidence presented to establish that the finding is accurate.

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