GMAT Practice Question Set #28 (Question 82-84)

Critical Reasoning Question #82: Regulating Cigarette Smoking  
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While inhaling tar from tobacco smoke can result in second-hand smoking related illnesses, smoking the cigarette itself, which contains nicotine, can be addictive. The City of Hazlo has decided to regulate cigarette smoking in an effort to reduce the number of smoking related illnesses. Hazlo regulators are proposing to reduce the amount of nicotine in cigarettes by 10% each year. In 5 years, the amount of nicotine in cigarettes will have reduced by 50%. Some health experts correctly point out, however, that if smokers are already addicted to nicotine, they will compensate for the decrease in nicotine by smoking correspondingly more cigarettes.

Which of the following predictions is most strongly supported by the effects of implementing the Hazlo regulation on cigarette smoking?

(A)

The amount of tar that nicotine-addicted Hazlo smokers will inhale will probably not decrease over the next 5 years.

(B)

Hazlo smokers who aren't now addicted to nicotine will probably increase their consumption of cigarettes.

(C)

The number of smoking-related illnesses will probably decrease during the next 5 years, as regulators hope.

(D)

The percentage of smokers who successfully quit smoking will probably decrease over the next 5 years.

(E)

The number of smokers who will successfully quit smoking during the next five years will exceed the number who successfully quit in the past 5 years.

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