I have a few questions on the Sc Flashcard videos:
#1. Timmy only expresses affection for his dog, Lassie
Which is correct?
a. Timmy expresses only affection for his dog, Lassie
b. Timmy expresses affection only for his dog, Lassie
In your video, first you say that the b) is correct but then you say a) is correct. Could you please clarify which is right and why?
In this particular case, in order to preserve what the original sentence is trying to say – we want (A).
(B) is also a possibility – but it has a slightly different meaning.
“Timmy expresses affection ONLY for his dog – but not for any other dog.” – so the meaning/connotation is a little different than it is in (A).
In (A): “Timmy expresses ONLY affection for his dog – he does not express any other emotion to his dog.”
But since the original sentence was phrased as: “Timmy only expresses affection for his dog” – we know that the meaning it is trying to say is more like (A).
So (A) is what we want.
When I pointed out (B) – I meant to say (A) – but (B) itself can also work. (B) just has a slightly different meaning.
In the video, you say that you should put the latter part in the active phrase i.e. “so she advised Mr. Vega to fix the coat”. You say that you cannot say “so she advised HIM to fix the coat” b/c the prior part says “Mr. Vega’s mother” and so “HIM” would not refer to something. On the same line of thought, why is it ok then to use “HIS coat and HIS clothes”? We also only have Mr.Vega’s mother and not Mr. Vega, so if its not okay to say “so she advised HIM to fix the coat”, we should also not be able to say “that a button was falling off HIS coat and that HIS clothes were in a …”.
So the difference here is that “HIS coat and HIS clothes” – is the POSSESSIVE form. But “HIM” is the objective form.
So since you started off with “Mr. Vega’s mother” – you can continue using the possessive form of “Mr. Vega’s” or “his”…
But once you use the word “HIM” – you need the actual subject mentioned somewhere. That actual subject is “Mr. Vega”—the possessive form “Mr. Vega’s” does NOT count. You need the actual subject.
So when you have the possessive form, you can continue using possessive.
But when you start using “HIM” you will need to mention the SUBJECT in its original form. The possessive form is not good enough.